Everybody knows Boxing today, but only few know where Boxing started. Boxing, is one of my favorite combat sports. Today is used by many not only as a self defense sport, but also as a good way for lose weight and gain muscles. Long time ago this sport was a completely different and here is why…
Where Boxing Started? Where Boxing Originated?
Boxing, (pugilism) has roots that go back to the ancient Greece and Rome. There is a clear evidence that boxing existed on the Crete Island as early as 1500 BC. An Ancient Greek form of boxing known as Pygmachia (fist fight) was featured in all of the Panhellenic festivals and of course in the olympics.
Fighters were fight without gloves but with a leather taped onto the hands. They were three combat sports in ancient Greece, Palé (wrestling), Pankration and Pygmachia.
Pygmachia was thought to cultivate courage, endurance, pain tolerance and help the citizens of Athens in difficult situations.
For that reason, boxing was one of the main exercises in military for young people. In ancient Greek boxing philosophy there was a clear distinction between physical violence and the injury of an athlete.
Plato believed that fighters had to be always calm and achieve modesty and lack of vanity.
Aristotle considered the athletes of boxing equal to the poets and musicians and characterized them as good and honest.
Aristophanes states that the heroes of Marathon grew up in pavilions and gyms.
Plutarch believed that the three sports – boxing, wrestling and pankration were warfare.
Boxing in ancient Greece was even tougher than today’s professional boxing. In ancient boxing there were no weight classes,
no rounds with intermediate breaks, no points, no victory or defeat at the points, no stoppage in the event of haemorrhage of the athletes.
The winner was the one who would knock out the opponent or force him to abandon the fight. In the case of a long race with no winner,
the terrible “κλίμαξ” was applied, with the agreement of both opponents. Each of the opponents accepted a beating on the face, without making any move to avoid it!